Section 3 review
A force field diagram is a tool for visualizing the electric forces around charged objects. The electric field is a vector that represents the force on a positive test charge. By convention, the electric field points in the direction of the electrostatic force on a positive test charge. Because of this, electric field lines point away from positive source charges and toward negative ones. The strength of the electric field (in newtons per coulomb, or N/C) is the force felt by a charged particle divided by the particle’s electric charge. The closer the field lines are to each other, the stronger is the force. Read the text aloud
electric field, electric field lines

F e =qE   or   E= F e q
E= k e q r 2

Review problems and questions

Electric force diagrams within an atom
  1. An atom consists of a positively charged nucleus surrounded by one or more negatively charged electrons, which occupy a region of space known as the electron cloud.
    1. Which of the diagrams depicts the electric field generated by the nucleus?
    2. Which diagram correctly shows the directions of electric forces on the electrons?
    3. Did you choose the same diagram for the previous two questions? Why or why not? Read the text aloud Show
  1. A commonly encountered unit of charge in consumer electronics is the milliamp-hour, or mAh, and in the USA the pound, or lb, is a commonly used unit of force. How many newtons per coulomb (N/C) would be equivalent to 1 lb/mAh? Read the text aloud Show
  1. Rebecca inflates a rubber party balloon, ties it to a string, and hangs it from the ceiling. Then she rubs the balloon with a wool sweater. Suppose that she transfers one trillion “extra” electrons (1012 e) to the balloon. Assume, too, that you can pretend that all of this excess charge is located at the center of the balloon. What is the electric field strength 1 m from the center of the balloon? Read the text aloud Show
Electric field diagram
  1. Declare each of the following statements as true or false, based upon the accompanying electric field diagram.
    1. Object A is positively charged.
    2. Objects A and B have opposite charges.
    3. The electric field at point x is stronger than that at point y. Read the text aloud Show

Take a Quiz

536Previous Page Next Page