By the end of this chapter you should be able to

 describe the three types of radioactive decay and solve nuclear reaction equations involving them;

 solve radioactive halflife problems, including carbon14 dating;

 describe the strong and weak forces and evidence for their existence;

 describe the historical development of the concepts of the strong and weak nuclear forces;

 describe mass–energy equivalence, explain its role in nuclear reactions, and calculate the energy produced by nuclear reactions;

 describe features in the design and operation of a nuclear power plant;

 describe applications of nuclear physics, including radiation therapy and diagnostic imaging; and

 summarize the standard model, including the four fundamental forces of nature.
