Index

Avogadro, Amadeo         670
Avogadro’s number         670
axis of rotation         366

B
Bach, Johann Sebastian
    equal temperament tuning     463
Balmer series, in hydrogen spectrum         769
Balmer, Johann         764
Balmer’s formula         764
bar graph         58
baryons         757
battery         479
    and electrical potential energy     266
Bay of Fundy         427
beam
    in structures     245
beats         458
Becquerel, Henri         804
bending         249
Benz, Karl         730
Bermuda Triangle         410
Bernoulli’s equation         682
best fit line         57
beta decay         802
    emission of a positron     816
biceps muscle         353
bicycle, as a compound machine         354
bicycle, history of         332
Big Bang theory         17
binding energy         795
binding energy per nucleon         798
binoculars         625
biology         4
biomechanics         353
black
    color in CMYK model     24
black hole
    definition of     225
blackbody         719
blackbody spectrum         720
block and tackle
    as simple machine     342
Blondin, Charles “the Great”         234
blue sky, explanation for         639
blueshift         448
Bohr model of the atom         764
Bohr, Niels         764
Boltzmann’s constant kB         670
boron, impurity in semiconductors         691
bosons         757
bosons (cont.)
boundaries, fixed and open         422
boundary layer         713
box and whiskers plot         58
Boyle, Willard—invention of the CCD         656
Boyle’s law         678
Brahe, Tycho         222
brittle
    concept of     152
Brown, Robert—and Brownian motion         668
Brownian motion         668
Btu (British thermal unit)         673
    unit of energy     257
buoyancy         681

C
C (capacitance)         540
c (speed of light)         637
cable
    in structures     245
calculator
    EE key for scientific notation     45
calorie         673
    as unit of energy     257
camera
    digital     656
    making a pinhole camera     586
Campagnolo, Tullio         332
candela (Cd), unit of luminous intensity         585
capacitance         540
capacitor         540
    in circuits     542
    parallel plate     541
carbon dating         806
carbon-14         805
careers using physics         271
Carnot cycle         746
Carnot, Sadi—“father of thermodynamics”         745
Cartesian coordinates         179
cathode ray tube (CRT)         571
cause and effect         13
    concept of     134
CCD (charge coupled device)         656
    use in digital cameras     625
celestial sphere         182
cellphones         634
Celsius temperature scale         669
center of curvature         601
center of gravity, see center of mass  
center of mass
    definition of     137
    Earth–Moon system     381

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